Home / SHOOTING OF JEWS IN THE MOAT OF THE BENDERY FORTRESS

... SHOOTING OF JEWS IN THE MOAT OF THE BENDERY FORTRESS ...

 

On December 12, 1944, the Bendery Commission for investigating the atrocities of the German-Romanian invaders drew up an act stating that firing pits were found in the moat of the Bender fortress (the area of the Main gate on Panin St., opposite the Monument of Russian Glory. When the pits were opened, 58 civilian corpses were found in four places. Of these, 8 are children's, 28 are women's and 22 are men's. The execution of these civilians dates back to the period July-September 1941. During the examination of the remains, preserved documents were found (Soviet passports, certificates and other identification documents of the executed citizens. When checking the preserved documents, it was established that among those shot were:

1. Shakhnovsky Tovi Yakovlevich (born in 1870)

2. Sverdlik Mordka Umarovich (born in 1870)

3. Sverdlik Rakhil Rumivovna (born in 1871)

4. Zaika Gidali

5. Taxir Shmil-Leib Moiseevich (born in 1880)

6. Abelman Berka (born in 1880)

7. Tranchterberg Riva Moiseevich (born in 1878)

8. Svirikhovsky Vigdar Leibovich (born in 1894)

9. Trancherbroit Riva

10. Tranterbroit Abram Khailovich (born in 1873)

11. Yankelevich Mortha Yankelevich

Shootings were carried out with firearms (rifle, machine gun) and murder with heavy objects (butts).

Source (National Archives of Moldova)

The German-Romanian occupiers did not stop at these atrocities. Citizens were also shot in other places. Across the town of Bendery Lutsenko Ivan Kalinovich, Chernov Daniil, Vinnytsky Kalman, Schreidman, Schreidman's wife, Kreinliman's wife, Kogan, Gesler Sonya Moiseevna, Gesler Aaron Abramovich, Kishinevsky Abram, Kishinevsky's mother (85 years old) were killed.  

In the suburb of "Kavkaz" :Goots Grigory Lukyanovich, Roitman Dina, Roitman Inda, Roitman Haya (died after tortures) were shot.  

Source: (pp. 217-218, National archives of Moldova).

The found bodies were buried in a mass grave in a Jewish cemetery.

Thank you for your help to V. Perstnev, an employee of the Bendery Museum of the Local Lore.

 Additional information about the shooting from the web resource: https://www.yadvashem.org/untoldstories/database/murderSite.asp?site_id=1830

Tighina Fortress. In the first days of August 1941, on the order of SS-Sturmbannführer Bruno Müller, the commander of Sonderkommando 11b of Einsatzgruppe D, several dozen Jews of Tighina (including women, children, and old people) were taken from their homes and collected in a school building. Their arrest was carried out on the pretext that Jews from Tighina had signaled to the retreating Red Army forces. The next day, after being interrogated and abused, the victims were loaded onto trucks and taken to an anti-tank trench at the Bender (Tighina) Fortress, 300 meters north of the town. Upon their arrival at the execution site, the Jews were divided into small groups. Each group was positioned at the edge of a prepared pit, facing Sonderkommando 11b shooters, and shot by machine-guns and sub-machine guns. After the shooting, those victims who were only wounded were killed with "control shots" from pistols. During the murder operation members of Sonderkommando 11b cordoned off the area. The shooting lasted for at least two hours".

Ibid: "During the first days of August 1941 several dozen Jewish men, women, children, and elderly people were shot to death by an SS unit at the Bender fortress, located on the edge of town. Later in the same month and in September 1941, troops of the occupying armies participated in a number of killings of Bender’s Jews in various locations throughout the town and around it –11 victims were killed in various locations in the town and 3 Jews - in an area called Kavkaz. Other Jews were killed on Tkachenko Street, on the bank of the Dniestr River".

In 1997, since the establishment of the Jewish religious community in Bendery, a memorial plaque was placed on the inner wall of the moat at the site of the execution of Jews in the moat of the fortress.



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