The settlement of the Chernyakhov culture (III-IV centuries AD), discovered by N.P. Alekseev M.A. Pavolakiv 1969, discovered during excavations on the territory of the Bendery fortress.
According to the discoverers, the settlement was localized in a small area based on the finds of fragments of sulfur-glazed ceramics of the lamp. Probably, the monument had a large extent along the Dniester, occupying an elevation at the level of the second floodplain terrace, bounded from the north and south by two small beams.
Lit.: Rickman 1973: 133, no. 553.
The specified monument is included in the state register of monuments of immovable cultural heritage in the edition of June 2022 under No. 358
More about this culture here
Description of the excavations in the book of Lobanov (pp.27-28 E.A. Lobanov Bendery. Pages of history 1408-1812. Bendery "Polygraphist", 2003)
In 1969, at the initiative of the director of the local history museum A.V. Zaitsev and researcher M.A. Pavalakia, so far, the only archaeological excavations were carried out in the Bendery fortress ... These works were supervised by a senior researcher at the Department of Ethnography and Art History of the Academy of Sciences of the MSSR, Ph.D. I.G. Hinku. The first excavation was carried out in the lower fortress. He did not give any special results. But the work in the upper part, on the north side, near the citadel, made it possible to make the most important discoveries for the history of the city. Here is one fragment from a copy of the report, which is stored in the funds of the city museum (Bendery) - “Fragments of ceramics were found in excavation No. 2, suggesting that there are remains of Geta (IV-III centuries AD) and East Slavic (X-XII centuries AD) cultures. Most of the archaeological material and structures belong to the Moldavian and Turkish periods of the monument's history. Semi-dugout No. 1 belongs to the Moldavian period of the history of the monument. Apparently, these are the remains of a settlement known in the literature as Tigin. Judging by the ceramics, these structures belong to the period no later than the 16th century, and possibly even earlier.”
“... The citadel was built no earlier than the 16th century, i.e. the time of the death of the semi-dugout No. 1 "
“... Archaeological material indicates that before the construction of semi-dugout No. 1 ... somewhere nearby or on the territory of the fortress there were some large brick structures, possibly palaces, religious buildings.”